[Updated] The long, tortuous journey of the RUU
Anti Pornoaksi Pornografi is approaching its end.
The name of the bill has been changed, dropping the "anti" part (RUU AP or RUU PP), and a revised copy of the draft has been finalised and handed over to a vice-chairman of the parliament, Zaenal Maarif.
Although the changes that have been agreed upon by the deliberating committee are not known in detail it is known that the number of articles has been drastically cut down. Where previously there had been 19 sections containing 93 articles the new bill has only 5 sections and 30 articles.
The head of the special committee, Balkan Kaplale, assures that the new version of the bill has taken into account the objections to the original draft, objections which revolved around what were seen as attempts to over-regulate dress and behavioural matters, which some people saw as an attempt at Arabisation of Indonesian norms, or Islamisation. Said Balkan Kaplale on the 28th: detik
There's no "anti" in the name. So it's just the indecency and pornography bill. All the submissions to the committee have been accomodated, including on the question of punishments.
(Nama RUU ini tidak ada 'anti'-nya. Jadi langsung RUU Pornografi dan Pornoaksi. Semua sudah mengakomodir masukan yang ada, termasuk sanksi-sanksinya.)
The belly button issue seems to have been settled.
It is hoped that the bill will come before parliament in the next session, between January and April 2007. Said Zaenal Maarif detik, in likely reference to the objections previously raised by non-Muslim areas of the country, such as in Bali:
We hope it will be finished by the next parliamentary session, because it already reflects the diversity of the nation.
(Kami harap pada masa sidang berikutnya ini sudah selesai, karena isinya sudah mengandung kebhinnekaan bangsa ini.)
January 18th 2007
The latest reports say that the bill is unchanged from the original version, only that the number of articles has been condensed, but that the content of them is the same. The words "anti" and "pornoaksi" have been dropped. It is expected to be passed into law by February.
There are 9 sections and 30 articles, 16 articles concerning protection of children, 8 articles for penalties, and 6 articles on "pornoaksi", or indecent behaviour, including sub-sections on allowed forms of dress.
Balkan Kaplale says the wishes of the people have been accomodated in the formulation of the bill. He said that two definitions of pornography were used in the bill, "soft" and "hard". Soft pornography was, for example, the display in pictures or video of womens' bottoms, breasts, or hips in public. "Hard" pornography was, for example, the sex video of Yahya Zaini and Maria Eva.
He said punishments for distributing porn would be up to 15 years jail or a fine of 2 billion rupiah.
Some commentators, including Universitas Indonesia lecturer Gadis Arivia, womens' rights activist from Komnas Perempuan, Neng Dara Affifah, as well as Ratna Sarumpaet from the Unity in Diversity alliance, Aliansi Bhineka Tunggal Ika (ABTI), complained that the bill was over the top.
Gadis Arivia said the matter of protecting children from porn was already dealt with in the criminal code.
There are at least 20 articles on pornography in the criminal code.
(Malah di KUHP sudah ada setidaknya 20 pasal tentang pornografi.)
She said children's access to porn should be restricted but the solution wasn't to make laws on how they were allowed to dress.
February 28th 2007
A law must not create divisions within the nation and must be accepted by all citizens.
In places like Bali and Papua, bare-breasted women are a daily sight. If such things are banned it will be against local customs.