The threshold for parties competing in the 2009 election will be raised to 5% of the national vote, raising fears that a New Order system will re-arise.
Ryaas Rasyid, a member of Komisi II in the parliament, said detik on Monday that the planned 5% threshold, raised from 3% at the last election in 2004, would see the extinction of dozens of currently functioning parties, and that this would hark back to the time of General Suharto. He believes that the 2% threshold used at the 1999 elections was the most fair system.
Rasyid, a member of the PPDK, the United Democratic Nationhood Party, a small party that won only four seats last election (1.3 million votes), went on:
What on earth is wrong with there being a lot of parties? It's the people's choice. Parties which have won representation in the parliament have to be respected.
(Apa sih masalahnya dengan banyak partai? Itu rakyat yang milih. Partai yang punya wakil di DPR harus dihargai.)
Kalla said that if there are "too many" parties then people would become confused. In 1999, he said, 48 parties competed in the polls. By 2004 this number declined to only 24, and he hoped that the downsizing trend would continue.
He cited the example of advanced countries as something which Indonesia should follow. America had only two parties, England 3, Australia 3 or 4, Japan 4 or 5, he said.
The complete list of threshold qualifications for 2009 are: