The role of the Khawariji doctrines in terrorism.
The emergence of the Khawariji sect represented the first splitting of Islam, in the 7th century, under one Dhul-Khuwaysarah. It is from the Khawariji sect that the idea of a Sixth Pillar of Islam emanates, instead of five, the sixth pillar being jihad, or holy struggle/war.
In contrast to its radical cousin, the Salafist sect, Khawarijism holds that excommunication can occur with almost no restrictions. The excommunicated are the unbelievers or infidels, on whom war can be waged freely. This is partly because, even in the view of mainstream Islam, the one who rejects Islam is considered to be innately aggressive and hostile to the faithful. Therefore jihad against such people can be considered self-defence, in the extremist view. These things I learned from here.
The author of Mereka Adalah Terrorists (They Are Terrorists), Luqman Ba’abduh, dealt with the issue of Khawarijism in a lecture delivered at the Al-Fatah Grand Mosque in Jakarta to former members of the militant group, Laskar Jihad, or the Holy Warriors’ Force. This disbanded jihadist group is most well-known for its role in the conflict in Maluku where it is widely believed to have helped turn the tide of the war to the Muslim side. Also attending the lecture were members of the Indonesian armed forces and the police.
Luqman Ba’abduh said that the followers of the Khawariji ideology had caused the deaths of millions of Muslims throughout history and that militant Muslims, like the men who had committed the bombings in Bali, often used Khawariji ideas as inspiration and justification for their actions. He recommended two courses of action against them: fighting their ideas on the ground, and aggressive pursuit and arrests of them by the authorities.
The lecture is part of the government’s and mainstream Muslim groups’ efforts to combat the spread of radical Islam in Indonesia which was largely begun in the wake of the second terrorist acts in Bali in October 2005. The men who committed the suicide bombings left farewell videos and it is these videos in particular which are believed to have spurned the authorities into some sort of belated action.