Air Pollution

Dec 17th, 2006, in News, by

Management of air pollution in Jakarta and Surabaya.

A report by the Stockholm Environment Institute sei, in cooperation with the Clean Air Initiative for Asian Cities (CAI-Asia) together with the Korea Environment Institute (KEI) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), says pollution levels in most Asian cities, including Indonesia’s two largest metropolises Jakarta and Surabaya, are getting better but still cause 537,000 premature deaths each year across Asia.

The study examined twenty cities in Asia – Bangkok, Beijing, Busan, Colombo, Dhaka, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Jakarta, Kathmandu, Kolkata, Metro Manila, Mumbai, New Delhi, Seoul, Shanghai, Singapore, Surabaya, Taipei and Tokyo, and ranked them on their air quality management (AQM) score.

Dirty Surabaya.

Bangkok, Hong Kong, Seoul, Singapore, Shanghai, Taipei and Tokyo were classed as having excellent AQM capability. A total of six cities (Colombo, Ho Chi Minh City, Jakarta, Kolkata, Metro Manila and Mumbai) have moderate capability while Dhaka, Hanoi, Kathmandu and Surabaya have limited AQM capability.

Using a scale of Minimal – Limited – Moderate – Good – Excellent, the rankings for Jakarta:

  • Measurement of Air Quality – Moderate
  • Data Assessment & Availability – Moderate
  • Emission Inventory – Good
  • Air Quality Management – Moderate
  • Overall Score – Moderate

Rankings for Surabaya:

  • Measurement of Air Quality – Limited
  • Data Assessment & Availability – Limited
  • Emission Inventory – Limited
  • Air Quality Management – Moderate
  • Overall Score – Limited

14 Comments on “Air Pollution”

  1. Tomaculum says:

    Behind the luxury house, where I spent the nights in Surabaya during my holiday in Indonesia, flows a small cloaca of a small “river”. After 3-4 days I almost didn’t smell the varying revitalising aromas again.

    So, if you live there for years, you wouldn’t care again. Once in a year the government clean this small rivers. But the residents will throw and throw their garbages again in it.

    And the air pollution? They put a breath mask on and that was it. No one cares about the pollution, every body do the warm up of their cars or motorcycles every morning at least for 10 minutes.

  2. 1ndra says:

    Yeah, my cousin said that Surabaya today is warmer than Jakarta.

    I hope in the future, people will take care more their hometown.
    About vehicles pollution…well I hope in nearer time there will be ‘kir’ -> Vehicles emition test.

  3. Ihaknt says:

    1ndra, what is ‘kir’ vehicles emition test?

  4. 1ndra says:

    ‘kir’ is somekind of test pass for vehicles needed to extends the ‘stnk’.
    The vehicles are checked up for machinery maintenance, bulbs, braking and so much more, but the most important point are vehicles emition that lead to pollution and the bulbs for turning sign, stop sign and lamps for night drive.
    For vehicles that don’t qualify, need to be repaired and re-checked to get the test pass.
    The clear example is to compare newest vehicle with old vehicle that never had maintenance have so much pollution and dead bulbs.
    Or clean tour bus compared city bus which smoke too much :(.

  5. Andrew says:

    The original intent of “Kir” is good, but the execution can (read: WILL) be ugly. I can foresee having to pay “extra” just to be able to pass it – even if my car is in perfect condition. Not to mention that people whose cars are not road-worthy can pay “extra” to have their cars passed.

    Yes, I am a skeptic – having seen a lot of injustice and inequality, how can I not be one?

  6. Tomaculum says:

    “Kir” is a word derived from the dutch “keuren” means to examine, to inspect or to check.
    In Germany the checking of the waste gas emition is nowaday a fixed component of the whole inspection. If the emitionsrate is to high, the owner has to pay more tax, so he would try to buy a car with newer and better catalisator and filter.

    It should be established in Indonesia. But the coming problem is the same old one. You can modify every rate with a little bit money.

    And the next bigger problem is the warming up of the machines every morning for at least 10-20 minutes (look at my comment up there). If this bad habit is not stopped, the check of the emisionsrate will only be an aliby measurement.

    As far as I know the new cars don’t need a warming up. In Germany, where I live, I never do this absurdity of warming up a machine.

  7. 1ndra says:

    The extra fee might stressed people out. Not to mention bribing…

    But in my opinion, the ‘Kir’ pass should be in cooperation official repair shop.
    If you always take your vehicles regularly to repair shop, you should have the repair/maintenance card, it could be used for getting ‘Kir’ pass.

    Yes, it makes the ‘stnk’ extension more complicated, but hey it’s for the fresh air!
    Pollution creates cancer, sterility, brain degradation and so much more!


    No need to warm up?
    I think machinery need to be warmed up just to make the lubricants up and prevent the moving parts worn out.
    I warm up my vehicles for only one minutes just to make sure the engine works smoother.

  8. Tomaculum says:

    No Indra, the modern machines with moder lubricating oil don’t need a war up again. In Germany if you let your car in the morning some minutes to warm it up, then at least one will come to beg you to switch it up or to depart.

    Maybe it could happen with old machines, but the moving parts of the newer machines are planed and produced under the controll of computer, so that the surfaces/ the friction surfaces are almost perfectly plane. And the modern lubrication oils are so elastic, that in a coaction with the machine it needs just seconds to coat even those friction surfaces.

    As I have note it in my former comment, I never war up my car and I have never any problem with it except the normal abrasion. Off course you have to take care, that you always have enough good lubrication oil in your car.

    As you know, in Europe in the winter time is the temperatue sometimes very cold Last year the deepest temp. was -30°C). But also in that times we never warm up our motorised vehicles.

  9. Ihaknt says:

    Thanks 1ndra and Tom.

    1ndra, it’s true with the latest cars, you dont need to warm it up. I used to warm up my old car also for 1 minute while at the same time trying to get my cd working. But with the new one, no need! So I have more time to sleep. Sadly the cd is still not working properly.

  10. 1ndra says:

    That’s all we need, newer machine, less gas consumption (+warm up) and less pollution.
    Wew, I live there, most neighbours will ask me to depart quickly, even I only warm it up for 1 minutes 😀

    Get new CD and get the stress out! 😀

  11. HanaZawa says:

    I think those are our responsibility to take care our environment from damage, especially our Jakarta City to prevent global warming become worse….

    So, let’s start planting kinds of trees on our surrounding…

  12. Matilda says:

    Indonesia needs to look after their air pollution. When you compare it with other asian countries its good, but that is because they are very polluted as well. People need to help resolve this problem because who knows what it could lead to.

  13. Anna says:

    I’m sick of those people who threw garbage into the river.

  14. nduk iik says:

    Let’s save our environment to make us live more comfortable in this beautiful world, to save our self also our next generation….!!!

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