Environmental Report

May 27th, 2006, in IM Posts, by

Key environmental and other data for Indonesia from the World Bank.

The "The Little Green Data Book" of the World Bank, part of the bank's "World Development Indicators 2006" series.

Indonesia is included in the East Asia and Pacific region which is comprised of American Samoa, Cambodia, China, Fiji, Indonesia, Kiribati, Korea, Dem. Rep., Lao PDR, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Fed. Sts., Mongolia, Myanmar, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Vanuatu, Vietnam.

Indonesia is included in the Lower Middle Income Group. The criteria for the groups are as follows:

  • Low-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $825 or less in
    2004.
  • Middle-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of more than $825
    but less than $10,066.
  • Lower-middle-income and upper-middle-income economies
    are separated at a GNI per capita of $3,255.
  • High-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $10,066 or
    more.

Environmental strategy/action plan prepared in 1993.

   

Group Data/Averages

 

Indonesia

East Asia/Pacific

Lower Middle
Income Group

Population (millions)

217.6

1,870

2,442

Urban population (% of total)

46.7

40.6

48.7

GDP ($ billions)

257.6

2,651

4,165

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)

1,140

1,416

1,686

Agriculture

Land area (1,000 sq. km)

1,812

15,885

38,470

Agricultural land (% of land area)

25

51

43

Irrigated land (% of cropland)

13.1

?

23.1

Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land)

1,460

2,296

1,530

Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land)

557

559

523

Forests and biodiversity

Forest area (% of land area)

48.8

28.4

30.7

Annual deforestation (% change, 1990-2005)

1.6

-0.2

0.1

Nationally protected areas (% of total land area)

20.6

?

7.7

Mammal species, total known

667

.

.

Mammal species, threatened

146

.

.

Bird species, total known

1,604

.

.

Bird species, threatened

121

.

.

GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0-100)

90.0

.

.

Energy

GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equiv)

4.3

4.6

4.6

Energy use per capita (kg oil equiv)

753

1.007

1,090

Energy from combustible renewables & waste (% of tot.)

26.8

17.7

14.6

Energy imports, net (% of energy use)

-55

-2

-14

Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)

440

1,184

1,329

Electricity generated by coal (% of total)

41.1

69.4

49.4

Emissions and pollution

CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ of GDP)

0.4

0.5

0.5

CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1.4

2.4

2.6

Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., ìg/cu. m)

114

80

70

Passenger cars (per 1,000 people)

?

12

29

Water and sanitation

Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)

13,043

5,062

7,295

Freshwater withdrawal
  Total (% of internal resources)
  Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)

  2.9
  91

10.2
  74

7.7
  75

Access to improved water source (% of total population)
  Rural (% of rural population)
  Urban (% of urban population)

78
  69
  89

78
  69
  92

81
  70
  93

Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
  Rural (% of rural population)
  Urban (% of urban population)

52
  38
  71

49
  35
  72

57
  39
  78

Environment and health

ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5)

?

.

.

Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5)

?

.

.

Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

38

37

40

National accounting aggregates, 2004

Gross savings (% of GNI)

24.6

39.1

32.1

Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)

10.4

10.5

10.8

Education expenditure (% of GNI)

1.1

2.3

2.9

Energy depletion (% of GNI)

9.4

4.1

6.5

Mineral depletion (% of GNI)

1.6

0.4

0.5

Net forest depletion (% of GNI)

0.0

0.0

0.0

CO2 damage (% of GNI)

0.7

1.2

1.1

Particulate emission damage (% of GNI)

0.9

1.2

1.0

Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

2.6

23.9

15.1




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